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Richard Murdoch

Richard Bernard Murdoch (6 de abril de 1907 – 9 de octubre de 1990) fue un actor y comediante radiofónico, televisivo y cinematográfico británico.

Nacido en Kestow, Kent, Inglaterra, estudió en la Charterhouse School. También estudió en el Pembroke College, Cambridge. Y en esa época actuó en la compañía teatral Footlights.

Murdoch debutó en la radio con el programa de la BBC Band Waggon (1938-40), trabajando junto a Arthur Askey. Volvió a interpretar a su personaje radiofónico en una versión filmada en 1940 con el mismo nombre how to make meat tender quickly, y tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial hizo lo mismo con la versión televisiva, Living It Up. Durante la guerra sirvió en la RAF.

Murdoch actuó con Kenneth Horne en Much Binding in the Marsh. También participó en The Men from the Ministry, una serie de humor de la radio BBC, en la que inicialmente actuaba Wilfrid Hyde-White, y después Deryck Guyler. Fue el Tío Tom en Rumpole of the Bailey, e interpretó al Consejero Privado en Witchsmeller Pursuivant, un episodio de la serie La Víbora Negra, en 1983 shaver outlet.

En los primeros años de la década de 1980 meat tenderizer uk, Murdoch dobló la versión inglesa de la producción polaca de animación basada en los libros sobre Los Mumins escritos por Tove Jansson.

Richard Murdoch falleció en 1990 a causa de un ataque cardíaco.

en Internet Movie Database (en inglés)

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Rigor mortis

1. Pallor mortis
2. Algor mortis
3. Rigor mortis
4. Livor mortis
5. Putrefaction
6. Decomposition
7. Skeletonization

Rigor mortis (Latin: rigor “stiffness”, mortis “of death”), the third stage of death, is one of the recognizable signs of death, caused by chemical changes in the muscles post mortem, which cause the limbs of the corpse to stiffen how to make meat tender quickly. In humans, rigor mortis can occur as soon as 4 hours post mortem.

After death, respiration in an organism ceases, depleting the source of oxygen used in the making of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is required to cause separation of the actin-myosin cross-bridges during relaxation of muscle. When oxygen is no longer present, the body may continue to produce ATP via anaerobic glycolysis. When the body’s glycogen is depleted, the ATP concentration diminishes, and the body enters rigor mortis because it is unable to break those bridges.

Additionally, calcium enters the cytosol after death. Calcium is released into the cytosol due to the deterioration of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Also, the breakdown of the sarcolemma causes additional calcium to enter the cytosol. The calcium activates the formation of actin-myosin cross-bridging

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. Once calcium is introduced into the cytosol, it binds to the troponin of thin filaments, which causes the troponin-tropomyosin complex to change shape and allow the myosin heads to bind to the active sites of actin proteins. In rigor mortis myosin heads continue binding with the active sites of actin proteins via adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and the muscle is unable to relax until further enzyme activity degrades the complex.

Normal relaxation would occur by replacing ADP with ATP, which would destabilize the myosin-actin bond and break the cross-bridge. However, as ATP is absent, there must be a breakdown of muscle tissue by enzymes (endogenous or bacterial) during decomposition. As part of the process of decomposition, the myosin heads are degraded by the enzymes, allowing the muscle contraction to release and the body to relax. Decomposition of the myofilaments occurs 48 to 60 hours after the peak of rigor mortis, which occurs approximately 13 hours after death.

At the time of death, a condition called “primary flaccidity” occurs. Following this, the muscles stiffen in rigor mortis. All muscles in the body are affected. Starting between two and six hours following death, rigor mortis begins with the eyelids, neck, and jaw. The sequence may be due to different lactic acid levels among different muscles, which is directly related to the difference in glycogen levels and different types of muscle fibers.

Rigor mortis then spreads to the other muscles, including the internal organs, within the next four to six hours. The onset of rigor mortis is affected by the individual’s age, sex, physical condition, and muscular build. Rigor mortis may not be perceivable in many infant and child corpses due to their smaller muscle mass.

Rigor mortis is very important in meat technology. The onset of rigor mortis and its resolution partially determine the tenderness of meat. If the post-slaughter meat is immediately chilled to 15 °C (59 °F), a phenomenon known as cold shortening occurs, whereby the muscle sarcomeres shrink to a third of their original length.

Cold shortening is caused by the release of stored calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of muscle fibers, in response to the cold stimulus. The calcium ions trigger powerful muscle contraction aided by ATP molecules. To prevent cold shortening, a process known as electrical stimulation is carried out, especially in beef carcasses, immediately after slaughter and skinning. In this process, the carcass is stimulated with alternating current, causing it to contract and relax, which depletes the ATP reserve from the carcass and prevents cold shortening.

The degree of rigor mortis may be used in forensic pathology, to determine the approximate time of death. A dead body holds its position as rigor mortis sets in. If the body is moved after death, but before rigor mortis begins, forensic techniques such as livor mortis can be applied. If the position in which a body is found does not match the location where it is found (for example, if it is flat on its back with one arm sticking straight up), that could mean someone moved it.

Several factors also affect the progression of rigor mortis, and investigators take these into account when estimating the time of death. One such factor is the ambient temperature. When conditions are warm, the onset and pace of rigor mortis are sped up by providing a conducive environment for the metabolic processes that cause decay. Low temperatures, however, slow them down. Therefore, for a person who dies outside in frozen conditions rigor mortis may last several days more than normal, so investigators may have to abandon it as a tool for determining time of death.

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Lee Oskar

Lee Oskar, né à Copenhague (Danemark ) le 24 mars 1948, est un harmoniciste best vacuum bottle, célèbre pour sa participation au groupe funk rock War, qu’il forma avec Eric Burdon, et les harmonicas qu’il fabrique.

Oskar est âgé de 6 ans quand un ami de la famille lui offre son premier harmonica. Il grandit en écoutant différents styles de musiques à la radio et retient de cette période une grande influence de Ray Charles. À l’âge de 17 ans, il s’installe aux États-Unis, où il fait la connaissance de Eric Burdon, qui vient de quitter le groupe The Animals et est à la recherche de nouveaux musiciens. Ils montent le groupe War avec Charles Miller how to make meat tender quickly, Morris “B. B.” Dickerson, Lonnie Jordanet Papa Dee Allen. Oskar restera membre du groupe jusqu’en 1992, année où il décide de se focaliser sur sa carrière solo.

En 1983, Oskar fonde une société afin de produire des harmonicas haut de gamme. Ces instruments permettent de jouer de nombreux styles musicaux, du blues au folk, en passant par le jazz ou encore le rock. Ces harmonicas sont conçus de façon que l’utilisateur puisse changer facilement les plaques porte-lamelles, permettant de conserver le sommier et les capots en ne remplaçant que les plaques. Ces instruments sont fabriqués par la société japonaise Tombo. L’entreprise fête ses 25 ans en 2008 au NAMM. Les harmonicas Lee Oskar sont distribués en France par Saico.

Cette série permet de jouer sur la gamme diatonique majeure. Elle est déclinée de DO à SI et propose des harmonicas adaptés pour jouer le blues, le rock ou encore la musique country.

Cette série permet de jouer sur la gamme naturelle mineur. Elle est déclinée de DO à SI et propose des harmonicas adaptés pour jouer le blues, le rock, la pop ainsi que le jazz.

Cette série permet de jouer sur la gamme harmonique mineur. Elle est déclinée de DO à SI et propose des harmonicas adaptés pour jouer divers types de musiques traditionnelles ainsi que des pièces classique et jazz cashmere shaver.

Cette série permet de jouer sur la gamme diatonique majeur. Elle est déclinée de DO à LA et propose des harmonicas plus expressifs que ceux de la série diatonique, ils sont préconisés pour le reggae, la pop et la musique country.

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Northern Football Alliance

Northern Football Alliance er en fodboldliga i North East England og Cumbria i England for amatørhold how to make meat tender quickly. Ligaen består af tre divisioner wholesale jordan socks, Premier Division med 16 hold, Division One med 11 hold og Division Two med 16 hold. Divisionerne befinder sig på niveau 11-13 i ligasystemet i engelsk fodbold.

Vinderen af Premier Division kan rykke op i Northern League Division Two best place to buy jerseys. De bedst placerede hold i Division One og Two bliver rykket op i henholdsvis Premier Division og Division One, mens lavest placerede hold i Division Two kan blive nedrykket til North Northumberland League Division One eller Tyneside Amateur League Division One, afhængig af holdets geografiske placering.

Northern Football Alliance blev grundlagt i 1890 som en liga bestående af én division med syv hold. I 1926 blev den til 2. division af North Eastern League, men den blev udskilt igen i 1935. Ligaen lukkede i 1964 på grund af mangel på hold men blev gendannet blot én sæson senere, i 1965-66.

I 1988 fusionerede Northern Amateur League og Northern Combination League med Northern Football Alliance under sidstnævntes navn, hvorved det nuværende format med tre divisioner opstod.

I perioden 1926-35 fungerede ligaen som 2. division i North Eastern League how to use powdered meat tenderizer.

I 1988 blev ligaen udvidet med Division One og Division Two som konsekvens af fusionen med Northern Amateur League og Northern Combination League.

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